Archer Daniels Midland Co is a 47-year member of the IMA…
Operations have started as Archer Daniels Midland Co. plans to inject and permanently store more than 1 million tons of carbon dioxide per year deep underneath part of Decatur’s east side.
The Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage project is a continuation of research efforts that have already taken place with hopes to show the technology can be commercialized.
“The technology that we are using in Decatur can be a model for reducing industrial carbon emissions around the world,” Todd Werpy, ADM’s chief technology officer, said in a statement. “We’re excited to move forward, as we not only reduce our carbon emissions in Decatur, but also contribute to important research that will help other companies do the same.”
Partners on the $207 million project include the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Community College and the Illinois State Geological Survey. The project received a $141 million investment from the Department of Energy, which was matched by over $66 million in private sector cost share.
The work is intended to demonstrate the commercial-scale applicability of carbon capture and storage technology in a saline reservoir.
This is the second carbon capture and storage project that ADM has helped to lead. The previous project involved removing and storing approximately 1 million tons of carbon over three years as part of the smaller scale Illinois Basin – Decatur Project, which was led by the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium at the University of Illinois.
“ADM is committed to successfully feeding the world while minimizing our impact on the planet,” Werpy said.
The permitting process for the project was completed earlier this year.
The injection well, along with monitoring wells, are located near the Richland campus. The project captures carbon dioxide, which is created as a byproduct at ADM’s Decatur corn processing facility.
The captured carbon dioxide will then be stored almost a mile and a half, or approximately 7,000 feet, underground in the Mount Simon Sandstone, where researchers believe it can be safely stored. The Mount Simon Sandstone in the Illinois Basin is one of the largest saline aquifers in the world.
The Department of Energy said nearly 50 years of successful natural gas storage in the Mount Simon Sandstone indicates that the saline reservoir and overlying seal should effectively contain stored carbon dioxide.
The project is permitted to operate for five years, giving it the potential to store up to 5.5 million tons of carbon dioxide. Researchers estimate that the sandstone formation can potentially store more than 250 million tons of produced carbon dioxide each year, the department said.
This “announcement marks a major step forward for the advancement of industrial carbon capture and storage technologies,” said Doug Hollett, acting assistant secretary for fossil energy, in a statement.
The Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage project is the 12th large scale facility of its kind operating in North America, said Jeff Erikson, general manager of the Americas region with the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute. He said it’s the first large-scale application of carbon capture and storage on biofuels production in the world.
Erikson said the project is a “landmark achievement.”
“We applaud ADM for their vision and leadership, and acknowledge the foresight and wise investment provided by the U.S. Department of Energy,” Erikson said. “2017 is a watershed year for carbon capture in the United States. On the heels of the successful opening of Petra Nova in Texas, the Illinois Industrial facility serves as another example that large scale CCS deployment works, is safe and serves as a key component of a low-carbon future.”
The Petra Nova project in Houston that came online at the end of last year captures about 90 percent of the carbon released by a coal-fired power plant owned by NRG Energy, one of the country’s largest power companies.